In?meteorology, a?cloud?is an?aerosol?comprising a visible mass of minute?liquiddroplets, frozen?crystals, or particles suspended in the?atmosphere?above the surface of a?planetary?body.?The droplets and crystals may be made of water or various chemicals. On Earth, clouds are formed as a result of saturation of the air when it is cooled to its?dew point, or when it gains sufficient moisture (usually in the form of?water vapor) from an adjacent source to raise the dew point to the ambient temperature. They are seen in the Earth's?homosphere?(which includes the?troposphere,?stratosphere, and?mesosphere).?Nephology?is the science of clouds which is undertaken in the?cloud physics?branch of?meteorology.
There are two methods of naming clouds in their respective layers of the atmosphere; Latin and common. Cloud types in the?troposphere, the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface, have?Latin?names due to the universal adaptation of?Luke Howard's?nomenclature. Formally proposed in 1802, it became the basis of a modern international system that classifies clouds into five physical?forms?and three altitude levels (formerly known as??tages). These physical types, in approximate ascending order of convective activity, include?stratiform?sheets,?cirriform?wisps and patches,?stratocumuliform?layers (mainly structured as rolls, ripples.
Uploaded: Aug 31, 2017
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