Tiger II Nazi Germany

Tiger II Nazi Germany

Tiger II is the common name of a German heavy tank of the Second World War. The final official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen Tiger Ausf. B,[notes 1] often shortened to Tiger B.[6] The ordnance inventory designation was Sd.Kfz. 182.[6] It is also known under the informal name Königstiger[6] (the German name for the Bengal tiger), often translated literally as Royal Tiger, or somewhat incorrectly as King Tiger by Allied soldiers.[7][8]

The Tiger II was the successor to the Tiger I, combining the latter's thick armor with the armor sloping used on the Panther medium tank. The tank weighed almost 70 metric tons, and was protected by 100 to 180 mm (3.9 to 7.1 in) of armor to the front.[9] It was armed with the long barreled 8.8 cm KwK 43 L/71 gun.[notes 2] The chassis was also the basis for the Jagdtiger turretless tank destroyer.[10]

The Tiger II was issued to heavy tank battalions of the Army (Schwere Heerespanzerabteilung – abbreviated s.H.Pz.Abt) and the Waffen-SS (s.SS.Pz.Abt). It was first used in combat with s.H.Pz.Abt. 503 during the Normandy campaign on 11 July 1944;[11] on the Eastern Front, the first unit to be outfitted with Tiger IIs was the s.H.Pz.Abt. 501, which by 1 September 1944
Gearbox: Maybach OLVAR EG 40 12 16 B (eight forward and four reverse)[21]
Radio: FuG 5, Befehlswagen (command tank) version: FuG 8 (Sd.Kfz. 267), FuG 7 (Sd.Kfz. 268)[6]
Ammunition:
See also: 8.8 cm KwK 43
8.8 cm – 80 rounds (Porsche turret),[3] 86 rounds (Henschel turret), usually 50% PzGr 39/43 and 50% SprGr 43, sometimes with a limited number of PzGr 40/43, or with the SprGr replaced by HlGr[3]
PzGr 39/43 (Armor piercing, tungsten core) (longer range, lower penetration, explosive filler)[4][18]
PzGr 40/43 (Armor piercing, tungsten core) (shorter range, higher penetration, inert)[4][18]
SprGr 43 (High Explosive)[4]
HlGr 39 (Hollow charge)[4]
7.92mm – up to 5,850 rounds[2]
Gun Sight: Turmzielfernrohr 9b/1 (TZF 9b/1) binocular to May 1944, then the 9d (TZF 9d) monocular
Tiger II ili službenim nazivom Panzerkampfwagen Tiger Ausf. B je bio njemački teški tenk u Drugom svjetskom ratu. Poznat je i pod nazivom Königstiger[6] (njem. naziv za Bengalskog tigra) što se kod Saveznika često prevodilo kao Kraljevski Tigar (eng. King Tiger ili Royal Tiger).[7]

Dizajn tenka slijedi isti koncept kao i kod njegovog prethodnika Tiger I, ali s ciljem da bude još teži. Tako Tiger II kombinira osobine debelog oklopa Tiger I tenka sa nakošenim oklopom Panther tenka. Njegova težina doseže gotovo 70 tona, što je bio i njegov najveći problem jer je malo koji most mogao izdržati toliku težinu. Time je transport do bojišta bio vrlo kompliciran. Šasija Tigera II je poslužila za konstruiranje lovca tenkova Jagdtigera[8] koji je bio najteže njemačko oklopno vozilo korišteno u borbama u Drugom svjetskom ratu.[9]

Debljina oklopa sprijeda je bila do 180 mm[10], a glavno oružje je činio 88 mm Kampfwagenkanone 43 L/71 top koji je zapravo bio produžena verzija topa sa Tigera I. Tiger II tenkovi su se nalazili u sastavu teških oklopnih bojni i u jedinicama Waffen SS. Prvi puta su korišteni u borbi u sklopu 503. teške oklopne bojne (njem. Schwere-Heers-Panzer-Abteilung 503) prilikom savezničkog iskrcavanja u Normandiji 11. 7. 1944.[11] Na istočnom frontu prva jedinica koja je opremljena Tiger II tenkovima je bila 501. teška oklopna bojna (njem. Schwere Panzer-Abteilung 501) koja je do 1. 9. 1944. u svojim redovima imala 25 Tigera II spremnih za borbu.[12]

Uploaded: Sep 21, 2015

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Tags: Tiger, II, ww, II, ww2, Nazi, Germany, World, War, II, 1944, 1945, NEMACKA, NACIZAM, Teški, tenk

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