Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national par

Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh, state in the heart of India. The present-day Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km2 respectively.[1] Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955 and in 1973 was made the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Today it stretches over an area of 940 km2 in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 km2 and the neighboring 110 km2 Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve.[2][3] This makes it the largest National Park in Central India. Kanha Tiger Reserve was ranked among the top 10 Famous Places for Tourists.[4]

The park has a significant population of Bengal tiger, Indian leopards, the sloth bear, barasingha and Indian wild dog. The forest depicted in the famous novel by Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book is thought by some to be based on jungles including this reserve.[5] It is also the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, "Bhoorsingh the Barasingha".[6]

Contents

1 Flora
2 Fauna
3 Reintroduction of barasingha
4 Tiger conservation and the Baiga tribe
5 General information
6 Transportation and access
7 Ecosystem Valuation
8 See also
9 References
10 Sources
11 External links

Flora

Kanha Tiger Reserve is home to over 1000 species of flowering plants.[7] The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) on slopes. A very good looking Indian ghost tree (Davidia involucrata) can also be seen in the dense forest.[citation needed]

Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. Kanha meadow is one such example. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi) and the gaur (Bos gaurus). Dense forested zones with good crown cover has abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous tal (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.[citation needed]

Meadows at Kanha

Open forest at Kanha

Tiger at Kanha hiding in bamboo

Axis in Kanha

Fauna

Kanha Tiger Reserve has species of tigers, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes and jackals. Among the deer species, swamp deer (Cervus duavcelli branderi) or hard ground barasingha is pride of the place as it is the only subspecies of swamp deer in India, except the Great Swamp Deer of Sundarbans . The animal is adapted to hard ground unlike swamp deer of the north which live in marshy swamps. The reserve has been instrumental in rescuing the swamp deer from extinction. Indian gaur (Bos guarus), belonging to the ox genus, is found in Kanha but seen mostly as winter ends. In summer gaur inhabit meadows and water holes in the park.[citation needed]

Other commonly seen animals in the park include the spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and the four-horned antelope. The latter can be seen at Bamni Dadar climb. Recently, mouse deer have also been discovered in the tiger reserve.[citation needed]

Blackbuck have inexplicably become very rare.[8] They vanished completely, but have been reintroduced recently inside a fenced area in the park. Nilgai can still be seen near the Sarahi Gate, while the Indian wolf once commonly seen at Mocha is a rare sight now. Striped hyena and sloth bear are seen occasionally. Langurs and wild boars are common, but the pugnacious rhesus macaque is seen less often.[citation needed]

Nocturnal animals like fox, hyena, jungle cat, civets, porcupine, ratel or honey badger and hares can be seen outside the park confines.

The Reserve brings around 300 species of birds and the most commonly seen birds are the black ibis, bee-eaters, cattle egret, blossom-headed parakeets, pond heron, drongos, common teal, crested serpent eagle, grey hornbill, Indian roller, lesser adjutant, little grebes, lesser whistling teal, minivets, pied hornbill, woodpecker, pigeon, paradise flycatchers, mynas, Indian peafowl, red junglefowl, red-wattled lapwing, steppe eagle, tickell's flycatcher, white-eyed buzzard, white-breasted kingfisher, white-browed fantail, wood shrikes and warblers among many more.

Reptiles like Indian pythons, Indian cobras, krait, rat snakes, vipers, keelbacks and grass snakes are nocturnal animals, and are therefore rarely seen. There are many species of turtles as well as amphibians found in or near the water bodies.[citation needed]

Kanha and Satpura National Park being a part of Gondwana, now famous as a tiger reserve, was once ruled by wild Indian elephants.[9]

Tigers killing a wild boar

Kanha is most famous for its tigers

The gaur is the largest wild animal in the park

Two dholes at Kanha

Kanha is the last refuge of the rare hard ground barasingha

A male hard ground barasingha

Pregnant tiger

Reintroduction of barasingha

An exciting conservation effort in this national park is the reintroduction of barasingha. The gaur will be relocated to Bandhavgarh and some barasingha will be relocated to Satpura Tiger Reserve The objective of this project is to introduce about 500 barasingha in this national park to eight or nine different locations. There is also a project to capture about twenty tigers and relocate them to Satpura Tiger Reserve.[10]
Tiger conservation and the Baiga tribe

Members of the Baiga tribe, a semi-nomadic tribe of central India that is reliant on the forest, lived in 28 villages that had been within the Kanha National Park until 1968, when they were relocated. The relocation was part of an effort to maintain a critical tiger habitat.[11] The land to which they were relocated is barren and they now suffer from alcoholism and malnourishment, and beg to support themselves.[11] The last of the villages to be relocated for the tiger habitat is in the core zone of the Kanha Tiger Reserve.[11] The area is the ancestral home of the Gond and Baiga tribes. In January 2010, Baiga tribe were illegally evicted from the park without proper compensation from the government, according to Survival International.[12][13]

In its efforts to maintain and restore tiger habitats, WWF-India has worked to create corridors that support the tigers and their prey, thereby stabilizing the tiger population. This includes efforts to prevent loss of life or property of humans, reduce human dependency on the forest, and reduce retaliatory killings of tigers when people have experienced losses.[14]

However, Kanha’s frontline staff continue to receive support, training and equipment from WWF, even as they carry out the eviction of the 22,000 residents who are to be forcibly resettled from tiger reserves in the region.
General information

Kanha Tiger Reserve is:[citation needed]

Area: (core) 940 km2
Terrain: sal and bamboo forests, plateaus, meadows and meandering streams
Best season: February to June
Morning visiting hours: 6:30 am to 11:00 am
Evening visiting hours: 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm
Closed: 1 July to 15 October

Transportation and access
The Jabalpur Airport (175 km distance / 04:30hrs) has direct flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune, Belgaum and Bhopal, with Ai

The park has a significant population of Bengal tiger, Indian leopards, the sloth bear, barasingha and Indian wild dog. The forest depicted in the famous novel by Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book is thought by some to be based on jungles including this reserve.[5] It is also the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, "Bhoorsingh the Barasingha".[6]

Contents

1 Flora
2 Fauna
3 Reintroduction of barasingha
4 Tiger conservation and the Baiga tribe
5 General information
6 Transportation and access
7 Ecosystem Valuation
8 See also
9 References
10 Sources
11 External links

Flora

Kanha Tiger Reserve is home to over 1000 species of flowering plants.[7] The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) on slopes. A very good looking Indian ghost tree (Davidia involucrata) can also be seen in the dense forest.[citation needed]

Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. Kanha meadow is one such example. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi) and the gaur (Bos gaurus). Dense forested zones with good crown cover has abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous tal (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.[citation needed]

Meadows at Kanha

Open forest at Kanha

Tiger at Kanha hiding in bamboo

Axis in Kanha

Fauna

Kanha Tiger Reserve has species of tigers, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes and jackals. Among the deer species, swamp deer (Cervus duavcelli branderi) or hard ground barasingha is pride of the place as it is the only subspecies of swamp deer in India, except the Great Swamp Deer of Sundarbans . The animal is adapted to hard ground unlike swamp deer of the north which live in marshy swamps. The reserve has been instrumental in rescuing the swamp deer from extinction. Indian gaur (Bos guarus), belonging to the ox genus, is found in Kanha but seen mostly as winter ends. In summer gaur inhabit meadows and water holes in the park.[citation needed]

Other commonly seen animals in the park include the spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and the four-horned antelope. The latter can be seen at Bamni Dadar climb. Recently, mouse deer have also been discovered in the tiger reserve.[citation needed]

Blackbuck have inexplicably become very rare.[8] They vanished completely, but have been reintroduced recently inside a fenced area in the park. Nilgai can still be seen near the Sarahi Gate, while the Indian wolf once commonly seen at Mocha is a rare sight now. Striped hyena and sloth bear are seen occasionally. Langurs and wild boars are common, but the pugnacious rhesus macaque is seen less often.[citation needed]

Nocturnal animals like fox, hyena, jungle cat, civets, porcupine, ratel or honey badger and hares can be seen outside the park confines.

The Reserve brings around 300 species of birds and the most commonly seen birds are the black ibis, bee-eaters, cattle egret, blossom-headed parakeets, pond heron, drongos, common teal, crested serpent eagle, grey hornbill, Indian roller, lesser adjutant, little grebes, lesser whistling teal, minivets, pied hornbill, woodpecker, pigeon, paradise flycatchers, mynas, Indian peafowl, red junglefowl, red-wattled lapwing, steppe eagle, tickell's flycatcher, white-eyed buzzard, white-breasted kingfisher, white-browed fantail, wood shrikes and warblers among many more.

Reptiles like Indian pythons, Indian cobras, krait, rat snakes, vipers, keelbacks and grass snakes are nocturnal animals, and are therefore rarely seen. There are many species of turtles as well as amphibians found in or near the water bodies.[citation needed]

Kanha and Satpura National Park being a part of Gondwana, now famous as a tiger reserve, was once ruled by wild Indian elephants.[9]

Tigers killing a wild boar

Kanha is most famous for its tigers

The gaur is the largest wild animal in the park

Two dholes at Kanha

Kanha is the last refuge of the rare hard ground barasingha

A male hard ground barasingha

Pregnant tiger

Reintroduction of barasingha

An exciting conservation effort in this national park is the reintroduction of barasingha. The gaur will be relocated to Bandhavgarh and some barasingha will be relocated to Satpura Tiger Reserve The objective of this project is to introduce about 500 barasingha in this national park to eight or nine different locations. There is also a project to capture about twenty tigers and relocate them to Satpura Tiger Reserve.[10]
Tiger conservation and the Baiga tribe

Members of the Baiga tribe, a semi-nomadic tribe of central India that is reliant on the forest, lived in 28 villages that had been within the Kanha National Park until 1968, when they were relocated. The relocation was part of an effort to maintain a critical tiger habitat.[11] The land to which they were relocated is barren and they now suffer from alcoholism and malnourishment, and beg to support themselves.[11] The last of the villages to be relocated for the tiger habitat is in the core zone of the Kanha Tiger Reserve.[11] The area is the ancestral home of the Gond and Baiga tribes. In January 2010, Baiga tribe were illegally evicted from the park without proper compensation from the government, according to Survival International.[12][13]

In its efforts to maintain and restore tiger habitats, WWF-India has worked to create corridors that support the tigers and their prey, thereby stabilizing the tiger population. This includes efforts to prevent loss of life or property of humans, reduce human dependency on the forest, and reduce retaliatory killings of tigers when people have experienced losses.[14]

However, Kanha’s frontline staff continue to receive support, training and equipment from WWF, even as they carry out the eviction of the 22,000 residents who are to be forcibly resettled from tiger reserves in the region.
General information

Kanha Tiger Reserve is:[citation needed]

Area: (core) 940 km2
Terrain: sal and bamboo forests, plateaus, meadows and meandering streams
Best season: February to June
Morning visiting hours: 6:30 am to 11:00 am
Evening visiting hours: 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm
Closed: 1 July to 15 October

Transportation and access
The Jabalpur Airport (175 km distance / 04:30hrs) has direct flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune, Belgaum and Bhopal, with Ai

Folder: Lifestyler

Uploaded: Apr 26, 2018

Views: 90

Likes: 23

Downloads: 1

Tags: Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh, state in the heart of India. The present-day Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar

Like
Share
Download
published 1 month ago
Lifestyler
Follow


8 Comments
lifestyler

lifestyler

posted 1 month ago

niceeeniceeeniceeeniceeeniceee

factice

factice

posted 1 month ago

👍

vidocka

vidocka

posted 1 month ago

wooow

vicky88

vicky88

posted 1 month ago

wooow

soncee.1

soncee.1

posted 1 month ago

great 👍

sbuha

sbuha

posted 1 month ago

like

tea55

tea55

posted 1 month ago

.likeee

nightsight

nightsight

posted 1 month ago

wow