The Mezquita Cathedral and the Roman Bridge on the Guadalquivir river in Cordoba (Andalusia, southern Spain).
The old town contains numerous architectural reminders of when Corduba was the capital of Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Republic and capital of Hispania Baetica during the Roman Empire; and when Qurṭubah was the capital of the Islamic Emirate and then Caliphate of Cordoba, including most of the Iberian Peninsula.
It has been estimated that in the 10th century Cordoba was the most populous city in the world, and under the rule of Caliph Al Hakam II it had also become a centre for education under its Islamic rulers.
During these centuries Cordoba had become the intellectual centre of Europe.
Today it is a moderately sized modern city; its population in 2011 was about 330,000.
The historic centre was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Uploaded: Nov 12, 2014